Everything About Semen Analysis You Should Know
As a couple, you decide to see a respective doctor when your effort to conceive a child is not helpful to you. At a fertility clinic/centre, the respective doctor interacts with you to know what you are facing and go through your medical history and family background. After that, the doctor recommends a few tests for both of you to assess your fertility. Semen analysis in Bangalore or your local town/city is one of those recommended tests. Here is what you should know about semen analysis in brief.
Semen analysis is a diagnostic test used to evaluate the quality and quantity of semen in a male’s ejaculate. This test is typically recommended for couples who are struggling with infertility or for men who are interested in their reproductive health. In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about semen analysis.
Collection: The semen sample is typically collected by masturbating into a sterile container. It’s important to collect the entire ejaculate in the container, without losing any of the sample.
Preparation: The sample should be analysed within one hour of collection. The sample must be kept at body temperature and protected from extreme temperatures.
Volume: The volume of semen is measured in millilitres (ml). The average volume of semen is between 1.5 and 5 ml.
Sperm count: The sperm count refers to the number of sperm present in the semen. The average sperm count is between 15 million and 200 million sperm per millilitre.
Motility: Motility refers to the ability of the sperm to move forward. A sperm with good motility has a better chance of fertilising an egg.
Morphology: Morphology refers to the size and shape of the sperm. Abnormal morphology can affect the ability of the sperm to fertilise an egg.
pH: The pH of the semen should be between 7.2 and 8.0. A lower or higher pH can affect the quality of the semen.
Liquefaction: After ejaculation, semen should become liquid within 30 minutes. If the semen does not liquefy, it can make it difficult for the sperm to swim.
White blood cells: White blood cells in semen can indicate an infection in the male reproductive system.
Fructose: Fructose is a type of sugar that is found in semen. It helps to nourish the sperm and can be an indicator of male fertility.
Seminal vesicle fluid: Seminal vesicle fluid is a fluid that is produced by the seminal vesicles. It makes up a significant portion of semen and helps to nourish and protect the sperm.
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Prostate-specific antigen (PSA): PSA is a protein that is produced by the prostate gland. Elevated PSA levels can indicate prostate cancer.
Abstinence: It is recommended that men abstain from ejaculation for 2-5 days prior to semen analysis. This ensures that the semen sample contains enough sperm for accurate analysis.
Multiple samples: It is recommended that men provide multiple semen samples for analysis. This can help to identify any abnormalities that may be present.
Treatment: Treatment for abnormal semen analysis results will depend on the specific issue identified. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, medications, or assisted reproductive technologies.
In conclusion, semen analysis is an important diagnostic test that can help to identify any issues with male fertility. It is a relatively simple and non-invasive test that can provide valuable information to couples struggling with infertility or men interested in their reproductive health. By understanding the various components of semen analysis, men can be better informed about their reproductive health and take steps to improve their fertility if necessary.